Installtion Git Windows

Issue from English version

Installer Git pour Windows

  • Télecharger et installer Git Pour windows
  • Pendant l'installation il vous sera demandé si vous souhaitez installer ssh en ligne de commande (choisir oui)
  • Après installation ouvrir "Git Bash" ou "PowerShell" et tapper: git --version
  • Vous devriez voir quelque chose comme ceci: git version 1.8.0.msysgit.0
  • Git est installé et fonctionne
  • Configuration importante sous windows
    Les fins de lignes windows et unix sont différentes indiquez à git sous windows la bonne config: git config --global core.autocrlf true

Configurer Git

Definir user.name et user.email sont la configuration minimale pour que votre nom et email soient associé aux message de commit.

git config --global user.name "Nom Prenom"
git config --global user.email NomPrenom@cofares.net

Bien sure mettre vos Non et prenom et votre propre email BIEN SURE; Il y a  many other configuration options que vous pivez définir. Il sont présent dans le fichier: ~/.gitconfig .Mon ~/.gitconfig 

[core]

autocrlf = true

[user]

name = Fares Pascal

email = pascal.fares@cofares.net


Vous pouvez créé aussi ~/.gitignore contenant

.DS_Store
._*
.svn
.hg
.*.swp

Set Up SSH

GitHub has several helpful tutorials on setting up SSH for use with git. Click the links below for more information:

Compléments:

Conseils pour le commit: "Git Truc et astuces"

//TODO continuer la traduction.....

Git is a little different than CVS, every person has a copy of the repository on their local machine. So you can commit to it as much as you like. No build will be triggered.

Most of the built in aliases for git will help because they are similar to CVS.

  • git pull This will pull a fresh copy of the repository.
  • git commit This will commit changes to your local repository (not the server).
  • git add This is a little different, you use git add to add a file to the commit index. It's not just for new files.
  • git push This is what moves your local repository to the server you checked out from.
  • git status Shows you the status of your repository.
  • git diff Gives you a diff of the file.
  • git rm This lets you remove files and directories.

git add

This example shows using git add to add each file to the commit index before committing.

$ cd /my/working/directory
$ vim README

# Edit the file

$ git add README
$ git commit -m "Updated the README file"

# Then you will see something like this:

Created commit 794a86f: Updated the README file
 1 files changed, 1 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)

git commit all

This example shows using git -a to commit all changed files

$ cd util/dd/src/js
$ vim drag.js

# Edit the file

$ git commit -a

# At this point git will open your default editor and ask for a commit message
# Then you will see something like this:

Created commit ed16907: fixed #2345: patched file to fix something
 1 files changed, 2 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)

Resolve a Failed Push

If you encounter a (non-fast forward) error on push:

To git@github.com:username/yui3.git
! [rejected]    master -> master (non-fast foward)
error: failed to push some refs to 'git@github.com:username/yui3.git'

Generally that means that your tree is now out of sync with the main repository. You need to cd projectroot and do a git pull. This should bring your tree into sync with the repository and then it will allow you to git push.

Revert Changes In Your Working Tree

To revert modified files in your working tree (the equivalent of cvs co -C ):

$ git checkout -- path/to/file

git status will give you a list of files in your working tree which are modified.

Create Remote Branches

NOTE: This method does not require you to switch to the local branch in order to push it to the remove server.

Create the local branch (from the branch you're currently in (generally "master")):

$ git branch [branch name]

Push it to the origin server:

$ git push origin [branch name]

Users will then be able to checkout the remote branch by using:

$ git checkout -b [local branch name] origin/[branch name]

Which will create a new local branch, which tracks against the remote branch, and also change the working tree to the local branch (so any changes you make, you're making to the branch).

Users can then switch between branches as required using:

$ git checkout [branch name]

# Switching back to "master", which is a tracking branch itself, works the same way...
git checkout "master"

Reset to a Tag

Based on the yui3 project and pulling the tag v3.4.0

From your cloned repo:

# Get up to date
$ git pull origin master

# Reset head to the tag
$ git checkout v3.4.0

# Should print something like this:
Note: checking out 'v3.4.0'.

You are in 'detached HEAD' state. You can look around, make experimental
changes and commit them, and you can discard any commits you make in this
state without impacting any branches by performing another checkout.

If you want to create a new branch to retain commits you create, you may
do so (now or later) by using -b with the checkout command again. Example:

  git checkout -b new_branch_name

HEAD is now at d617041... Bump package.json version to 3.4.0.

# Now create a local branch for easy task switching:
$ git checkout -b branch-3.4.0

# You can check this by calling:
$ git log -n1

# That commit should be the one listed above:
commit d6170413cd7404cb54e207cd9341dbc0ff16e358
Date:   Thu Jul 28 11:25:42 2011 -0700

Bump package.json version to 3.4.0.

# Now you can switch between master and this tag like this:
$ git checkout master # Back to the master branch

$ git checkout branch-3.4.0 # Back to this tag

Use rebase and merge to Keep Your Development Branch in Sync

Use rebase to apply commits downstream onto your development branch. Use merge to apply commits from your dev branch back upstream: http://sites.google.com/a/insoshi.com/insoshi-guides/Git-Guides/merge-vs-rebase

$ git checkout mybranch // checkout my dev branch
$ vi workingfiles.js // make some changes
$ git commit -a -m "edits" // commit my changes
$ git checkout master // checkout my upstream branch
$ git pull // pull from origin
$ git rebase master mybranch // apply commits from origin to dev branch

# at this point I'm in mybranch so I can keep working...
#... or I can push my commits to origin/master

$ git checkout master // back to the upstream branch
$ git merge mybranch // integrate my changes
$ git push // push my changes

Resources

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